Peter Behrens was instrumental in the architectural reform in Germany at the turn of the 20th century that led to a more modern form of architecture called the International style. In 1907, Behrens, together with 11 other architects and designers, formed the Deutscher Werkbund (German Work Federation) to cultivate a link between the traditional Arts and Crafts Movement and modern mass production so that Germany could compete economically with England and the United States yet still champion the artistic ideal of individuality in design over standardization. Other architects of this movement included Henry van de Velde and Josef Hoffmann, both of whom worked in the Art Nouveau style.
   Known mainly for his construction of factories and office buildings, Behrens's most famous building is the AEG Turbine Factory, built in Berlin in 1910. Constructed of brick, glass, and steel, this spare building anticipates in its functional "factory" aesthetic the future work of Behrens's students and assistants, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Le Corbusier, and Walter Gropius. Behrens had initially been hired as the artistic director for the company, responsible for crafting its "corporate identity." With this important building, however, he brought the "factory" aesthetic into the forefront of modern architecture.

Historical Dictionaries of Literature and the Arts. . 2008.

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  • Behrens, Peter — (1868 1940)    architect; perhaps the foremost industrial designer in the first quarter of the twentieth century. Born in Hamburg, he inherited considerable wealth as a teenage orphan and used it to study art. He moved to Munich, where his… …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

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  • peter — peter1 /pee teuhr/, v.i. peter out 1. to diminish gradually and stop; dwindle to nothing: The hot water always peters out in the middle of my shower. 2. to tire; exhaust (usually used as a past participle): I m petered out after that walk. [1805… …   Universalium

  • Peter — /pee teuhr/, n. 1. Also called Simon Peter. died A.D. 67?, one of the 12 apostles and the reputed author of two of the Epistles. 2. either of these two Epistles in the New Testament, I Peter or II Peter. 3. a word formerly used in communications… …   Universalium

  • Peter — (as used in expressions) Altgeld, John Peter Behrens, Peter Lawrence Peter Berra Brook, Sir Peter (Stephen Paul) Carey, Peter (Philip) Cooper, Peter Davies, Sir Peter Maxwell Debye, Peter Doherty, Peter Charles Dunne, Finley Pe …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Peter Behrens — Peter Behrens, um 1913 Peter Behrens (* 14. April 1868 in Hamburg; † 27. Februar 1940 in Berlin) war ein deutscher Architekt, Maler, Designer und Typograf und gilt als ein führender Vertreter des modernen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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